1 – Smartly select the neighborhood
To properly assess all aspects of your future rental, check the proximity to schools, transportation and services. Think about talking with traders and neighbors who can be a mine of information and alert you to possible nuisances.

2 – Make sure the rent is within your reach
Admittedly, you like the apartment. But it is a bit expensive. Do not get carried away without having made your accounts and be sure that you can assume the burden.

3 – Peaufinine your file of hiring
Donors always fear unpaid debts and, when selecting their tenants, make sure that they take the least risk. When you visit the dwelling, always have your file on you, along with all the documents you may be asked for: – Last three payslips – Last tax notice – Contract of employment, which allows the lessor to know if you are in CDI or CDD, for example – Last rent receipts. If the rent exceeds one-third of your income, your file may get stuck, unless you provide the surety of a person more solvent than you.

4 – Read the clauses
If you are dealing with a particular lessor, detect any illegal clauses. They are frequent in leases. For example, requiring you to make an automatic debit payment is prohibited. Prevent you from hosting someone, too. These are just a few examples. There are many others, noted by the Commission on Unfair Terms. A new standard lease exists since the summer of 2015.

5 – Do not pay anything before signing the contract
The first rent and the security deposit are paid when the lease is signed. No question of paying anything before.

6 – Demand an inventory in your presence
The inventory allows you to identify any degradation related to a previous tenant and that the owner could charge you when you leave. You must therefore have the eye and make note in the report everything that seems defective. This is very important because when you leave, you may be required to repair damage that is not your responsibility. At the exit, indeed, a contradictory statement will be drawn up. Tie it the same importance. This is the refund of your security deposit, the owner can withhold the sums necessary for the repairs that would fall to you.

7 – Do not neglect your obligations
By renting the accommodation, you agree to use it without creating any nuisance to your neighbors and it must be properly maintained.

8 – Pay your rent on time
Do not be negligent. The lease provides for the expiry date of the rent. Make sure to respect this term, so that your relations with the owner are established on a good basis.

9 – If you encounter a difficulty, talk to the owner
Do not wait to have your head under water to solve a problem of rent payment. On the contrary, as soon as you have a difficulty, it is better to explain it to the owner who will probably be more conciliatory than if you avoid the discussion. In addition, unpaid rent can be settled by sprawl, but when the debt grows, it becomes more difficult.

10 – Peel the load count
Each month, you pay a lump sum for the accommodation expenses that the owner advances for you. Every year, he must regularize the situation according to what he actually paid. If you have not paid enough, he will ask you for the supplement. If you have paid too much, it will reimburse you. In any case, do not hesitate to ask for the proofs of what it has actually disbursed.


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